The Latest in Midwifery
This graph illustrates the changes in midwife-attended births over time. Births attended by Certified Nurse Midwives (CNMs) and other vaginal births with midwives are all experiencing upward trends. However, as midwives typically attend low-risk births, one cannot deduce from this graph that the number of low-risk births in the U.S. is also increasing.
The heat map above shows the different percentages of total midwife-attended births in each state in 2018. Percentages of midwife-attended births are lower in the middle and southern U.S., whereas higher percentages can be found in Alaska and the western and northeastern U.S. These data combine births attended by Certified Nurse Midwives (CNMs) and “other midwives” (most of whom are certified professional midwives), therefore a map displaying percentages for one kind of midwife or the other may appear different.
This graph shows where women gave birth depending on their birth attendant. The vast majority of MD and CNM-attended births took place at a hospital, whereas births that intentionally occurred at a freestanding birth center or a home were most frequently attended by other midwives. One caveat of this data is that most births that intentionally take place outside of a hospital are low-risk (MacDorman & Declercq, 2016).